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Rectus capitis posterior major and minor



Rectus capitis posterior major

Rectus capitis posterior minoris

Referred pain pattern

Rectus capitis posterior major and minor - pain pattern

Muscle type

  • Postural
    • Shortens when overactivated



  • Less suboccipital space
  • Headache along temporal region towards eye
  • Cervicogen headache

Muscle attachment zones



Short version

Detailed version

Notes of clinical importance

  • People experiencing neck pain have shown a fatty degeneration and atrophy of the rectus capitis posterior major and minor muscles, visualized by MRI
  • Atrophy of these muscles reduces the signal of important proprioceptive information which they transmit, which may destabilize postural balance

Myofascial lines

Dorsal line: